- Hereditary Thinning or Baldness (Androgenetic Alopecia): Inherited male-pattern or female-pattern hair loss is the most common cause of hair loss.
- Male-pattern hair loss can result in a receding hair line and/or bald patches, mainly on the top crown of the scalp. Eventually the hair loss will progress until only the hair on the sides is left. The hormone Dihydrotestosterone or DHT (a derivative of the male hormone testosterone) is the cause of this kind of hair loss. DHT affects the hair that specifically grows on the top of the scalp, basically by attacking the hair follicle, then miniaturizing it over time, and eventually forcing the follicle to become dormant.
- Female-pattern hair loss can result in noticeably thinning hair throughout the scalp; the first sign being a widening part. However there isn’t much of a pattern with females, typically it is thinning throughout.
- Alopecia Areata and Other Types: Classified as an autoimmune disorder, alopecia areata causes the body’s own immune system to attack healthy hair follicles. This causes patches of hair loss on the scalp and other areas of the body. There are many other different types of alopecia that have different effects on people.
- Traction Alopecia: Wearing your hair in a style that pulls on the hair (tight braids or tight ponytails) can cause hair loss. This is known as traction alopecia. If done repetitively, it can lead to gradual hair loss, specifically, along the hair line.
- Trichotillomania: This impulse-control disorder causes people to repeatedly and compulsively pull out their own hair.
Medical Conditions and Disease
- Disease: There are about 30 diseases overall that can lead to hair loss. Thyroid and other ailments that affect your hormones can cause loss of hair. Skin and auto-immune disorders like anemia and types of lupus can result in hair loss as well.
- Chemotherapy Treatments: If a person is diagnosed with cancer, a common treatment is chemotherapy. Depending on the initial diagnosis, type and dosage of chemo and other medical conditions, hair loss is a common side effect. For most, total hair loss is possible. Click “HERE” for more information on chemotherapy related hair loss.
- Illness: A major surgery, high fever or even the flu can cause hair loss. Your dermatologist may call this telogen effluvium.
- Infections: Scalp infections, such as ringworm, can invade the hair and skin of your scalp, leading to hair loss.
Other Factors that Can Cause or Lead to Hair Loss
Medicine – Stress and Shock – Diet and Poor Nutrition – Hormones – Pregnancy and Child Birth – Menopause – Hair Care Styling and Treatments – all of these things can affect or trigger hair loss.
The causes of hair loss for both men and women vary. It’s crucial to understand what’s causing your hair loss so you can make an informed decision about the best treatment for you. For some types of hair loss, the hair may fully grow back over time. For more permanent hair loss situations, there are also several options that can help promote growth or camouflage the hair loss you have incurred. Regardless of the cause and the longevity – there are solutions available. The key is finding the right treatment for you.